Sign up for PM Award Updates!

Tortured, Imprisoned and Beterayed, Muhammad Bekjanov Fights Against Uzbek Repression

December 3, 2013
Muhammad Bekjanov (Pic. PN America)

The prestigious Reporters without Borders Press Freedom Prize 2013, was announced Wednesday. The recipient in the ‘individual’ category was Uzbek journalist Muhammad Bekjanov, serving his 14thyear and second sentence in prison, while Sri Lanka’s Tamil-language newspaper the ‘Uthayan,’ attacked 35 times during its 28-year existence was awarded in the ‘newspaper’ category.
This blog featured the life and times of the ‘Uthayan’ in its post, Thursday. Today we will take a brief look at Bekjanov editor of the opposition newspaper ‘Erk’ and the political environment in which he wrote. 

Ranking 163rd (Sri Lanka) and 164th (Uzbekistan) among 179 countries in RSF’s Press Freedom Index, there are close similarities in the politico-legal environments in Sri Lanka and Uzbekistan.
The New York-based think-tank Freedom House says, “Uzbekistan’s legal framework ostensibly prohibits censorship and guarantees freedom of speech and the right to independent information. In practice, such protections are systematically ignored by President Islam Karimov’s autocratic government, which exerts near-total control over the media.”
According to Freedom House, conviction for defamation and libel could mean paying hefty sums as damages and imprisonment. In 2012 Viktor Krymzalov was convicted of defamation and ordered to pay US$1350 for an article published without a by-line that he denied writing. Other offences that are legally punishable are the vague “interference in internal affairs” and “insulting the dignity of citizens,” while insulting the president can earn offenders a five-year jail term. In April 2013 Yelena Bondar was fined US$2000 for “promoting national, racial, ethnic, or religious hatred” despite having decided not to publish the offending article.
Freedom House says that virtually all the media organisations are directly or indirectly linked the state, which is totally controlled by Karimov’s autocratic government. Uzbekistan’s National Security Service manipulates what news is published and the fear of reprisals has resulted in extensive self-censorship. One person who dared to challenge the system was Bekjanov.
Bekjanov is one of four journalists imprisoned in Uzbekistan. He and fellow journalist from ‘Erk’ Yusuf Ruzimuradov were imprisoned in 1999. (The other two are Salijon Abdurakhmanov of news website ‘Uznews‘ imprisoned since June 2008, and Dilmurod Saiid – a freelance journalist – imprisoned since February 2009). Prison conditions in Uzbekistan are described by RSF as “appalling.”
Bekjanov is one of the world’s longest imprisoned journalists. In January 2012, a few days before due to being released, he was incarcerated for a further five years ostensibly for breaking prison regulations.
He is said to be in very bad health and relatives and friends are only allowed occasional access to him. The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) in a January 25, 2012 statement said, “In 2006, Bekjanov’s wife, Nina Bekjanova, visited him in prison, and told independent news website ‘Uznews‘ that the journalist had lost most of his teeth due to repeated beatings in custody.”
PEN America referring to Bekjenov’s health said, “On June 18, 2003, Bekjanov gave his first interview since his detention to representatives from the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR), who were allowed to visit him in a prison hospital in Tashkent. Bekjanov said that he had contracted tuberculosis, a disease that has become endemic in Uzbek prisons. Due to torture, he is now deaf in his right ear and one of his legs is confirmed broken.”
Bekjanov had begun challenging the State from 1990s by questioning the use of forced labour to harvest cotton and the environment disaster in the Aral Sea. And soon he was to become a critic of the Kiramov regime.  
“The regime took advantage of a series of bombings in Tashkent in 1999 to silence its critics. Under torture, Bekjanov was forced to “confess” to being an accomplice to terrorism and was sentenced to 15 years in prison. In January 2012, just a few days before he was due to be released, he was sentenced to another four years and eight months in jail on a charge of disobeying prison officials,” said RSF.
CPJ gave details of the new sentence: “At a January 18 hearing held at the penal colony, Bekjanov’s three cell mates testified against him, accusing the journalist of violating a prison order after he argued with them, news reports said. However, ‘Uznews’ reported that the inmates appeared nervous in the courtroom, which led the journalist’s lawyer to believe they had been forced to testify against him.”
“The authoritarian government of Islam Karimov holds the disgraceful record of one of the top journalist jailers in Eurasia,” CPJ’s Europe and Central Asia Programme Coordinator Nina Ognianova said. “If Uzbekistan is to rejoin the international community, authorities must release all the journalists they are currently holding in retaliation for their work.”
Dispatches from AFP concerning freedom of information, censorship and news coverage in regions where independent media is under threat.